What is PAR?
Reflection on '04-'05
Model for Establishing Curricular Priorities- Wiggens and McTighe (1998) suggest the use of four filters to help determine the curricular priorities of e a class:
- To what extent doe the idea, topic, or process represent a "big idea" having enduring value beyond the classroom?
- To what extent does the idea, topic, or process reside at the heart of the discipline?
- To what extent does the idea, topic, or process require uncoverage (i.e., those that are not obvious or that are counterintuitive)?
- To what extent does the idea, topic, or process offer potential for engaging students?
The image to the left can be used to clarify the curricular priorities of a course, which should then define the assessments used.
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)- based on Vygotsky's theory of social learning, during which a person learns from a more skilled other. As learning progresses, the person develops the ability to do things that were once out of reach. This movement is theorized to exist in a zone between development that has already been achieved and potential development. The range between these two levels of development should close, or proximal, and it is unique to all people.