Schamel, W.B. (1998). Teaching with Documents: Using Primary Sources from the National Archives. Volume 2. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration. (ED429915)
"Primary sources fascinate students because they are real and personal; history is humanized through them. Using original sources, students touch the lives of the people about whom history is written."
"Through analysis of primary sources students confront two essential facts of historical work. First, the record of historical events reflects the personal, social, political, or economic views of the participants who created the sources. Second, students bring to the study of the sources their own biases, created by their own personal situations and the social environments in which they live. As students use these sources, therefore, they realize that history exists through interpretataion--and tentative interpretation at that."
"The most important educational benefit of the study of primary sources is the development of broad cognitive and analytical skills."
NARA hosts workshops to help teachers use primary sources in their history classes. This work is an important reference, although it has nothing to do with science. It does carry NARA endorsement for the concept, though, and therefore serves as a good argument for a similar approach to science education.